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Font Màgica de Montjuïc (more commonly known as Montjuïc Fountain) is at the bottom of Montjuïc hill in Barcelona, just a short walk from Plaça España.
The fountain has become a symbol of Barcelona, known for its unique light, water and music shows that take place daily.
There are two shows every night, with each show lasting around 20 minutes. The show times vary by season so check the latest times on the Barcelona council website.
The fountain is 100% free to visit and always has been. For this reason, it’s always really busy, especially in peak times of the year. If you want to get a good spot to watch the show, make sure you arrive early.
Here are 11 facts about Montjuïc Fountain that you might not have known:
1. The fountain sprays 700 gallons of water a second
Made from tiered pools of water, Montjuïc fountain has 3620 jets which blast a combined 700 gallons (2,600 litres) of water per second to create its effect.
The highest waterspout is 170 feet (51m) high.
2. It was designed for the 1929 Universal Exhibition by the engineer Carles Buïgas
Montjuïc fountain was designed by Carles Buïgas who also designed the towers of the Port Vell Aerial Tramway in Barcelona.
The first performance took place on 19th May 1929 at the Universal Exhibition, an arts and technology event attended by 20 countries.
3. There was originally a different landmark on the site of the fountain
The site where Montjuïc fountain now stands was previously the site of the Four Columns Monument.
This was built in 1919 by Spanish architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch. It was a much-loved monument by locals so there was outcry when they were destroyed by the dictator Primo de Rivera as he sought to remove all Catalonian symbols from the city.
A replica of the original monument was erected near the fountain in 2010.
4. The fountain took 3,000 workers to build it in time
Designs were submitted just a year before the first performance was due to take place.
The proposal by Buïgas was so extravagant that many thought it was too ambitious and would not be built in time.
In order to achieve the deadline, over 3,000 workers were involved in construction. It was completed on time but was only inaugurated the day before the first performance.
5. The pools contains 3.1 million litres of water
The three concentric pools of water hold a total of 3.1 million litres of water, that’s more than an Olympic sized swimming pool.
Since the water emergency of the 2008 drought, the fountain has been recirculating water and since 2010 it’s been using groundwater.
6. Music was only added to the show in 1980
A little known fact about Montjuïc fountain is that the music wasn’t part of the initial design. It was just a light and water show.
However, in 1980, over 50 years after it was first built, the element of music was added with the lights and water jets appearing to dance to the music.
The music is a selection of classic songs, pop songs and music from film or children’s TV shows. The music choices are regularly updated. You can watch some of the latest choreographies here.
One song that was originally featured and continues to be included in the playlist to this day is ‘Barcelona’ by Freddie Mercury.
7. There are 7 billion light-and-water combinations
The fountain combines hydraulic water jets and coloured lighting effects to appear as if it is dancing.
There are 4,760 lights within the installation which provides 7,000,000,000 combinations of light and water.
8. The fountain is being updated with more sustainable technology
Over the years, the old lighting in the fountain has been replaced with LED lights which are known for their low energy consumption and long life.
In further efforts to save energy, the number of show times were cut in 2016.
9. The fountain receives 2.5 million visitors per year
It’s estimated that Montjuïc fountain receives 2.5 million visitors each year.
This is just an estimate, the fountain is not ticketed so the real number will be impossible to know.
10. The fountain was out of action for two decades after damage from the Spanish Civil War
During the Spanish Civil War of the late 30’s, Montjuïc Fountain suffered immense damage and was put out of operation.
It wasn’t until restorations in 1955 that the fountain was up and running again.
The restorations were undertaken by Buïgas, the original designer of the fountain.
11. The fountain was used for the Olympic Games 1992 and MTV Music Awards 2002
Both the 1992 Olympic Games and 2002 MTV Music Awards were huge events held on Montjuïc Hill.
The fountain was restored ahead of the Olympic Games and played a key role in both events.